Grunt Family Photos and Information – Haemulidae

The Grunt Family – Haemulidae

Burrito Grunt, Anisotremus interruptus, a representative member of the Grunt or Haemulidae Family.

The fish of the Grunt or Haemulidae Family are known in Mexico’s fishing areas as burros. They are similar in appearance to snappers but can be distinguished by their lack of canine and vomerine teeth and by the presence of pits on their chins. When collected, these fish grunt audibly by rubbing together tooth plates in their throats.

Most Grunts are small schooling fish that swarm over reefs during the day and move to sandy shoals at night. They have oblong or elongated oval bodies of varying depths. I have included the depth as a percentage of standard length, which varies from 30% to 50%, for each Grunt included in this website. This can be used as an important parameter to aid in the identification of unknown fish. The majority of Grunts caught by hook and line are less than 30 cm (12 inches) in length and less than 500 grams (one pound) in weight. They feed primarily at night on benthic invertebrates such as shrimp, clams, and polychaetes worms. The stripes of juveniles are more prominent than those of adults.

Globally, one hundred thirty-seven species of Grunts that have been placed in nineteen genera have been identified, many of them hard to differentiate. In Mexican fishing waters, there are reports that as many as twenty-five different kinds of Grunts reside in the Sea of Cortez alone.

Thirty-four members of the Grunt Family found in Mexican waters are represented in this website include:

Armed Grunt, Conodon serrifer
Black Margate, Anisotremus surinamensis

Blackbarred Grunt, Genyatremus dovii
Bluestriped Grunt, Haemulon sciurus
Bronzestriped Grunt, Orthopristis reddingi
Burrito Grunt, Anisotremus interruptus
Caesar Grunt, Haemulon carbonarium
Cortez Grunt, Haemulon flaviguttatum
Elongate Grunt, Haemulopsis elongatus
French Grunt, Haemulon flavolineatum
Graybar Grunt, Haemulon sexfasciatum
Humpback Grunt, Orthopristis chalceus
Latin Grunt, Haemulon steindachneri
Longfin Salema, Xenichthys xanti
Longspine Grunt, Pomadasys macracanthus
Margate. Haemulon album
Mojarra Grunt, Haemulon scudderii
Panamic Grunt, Pomadasys panamensis
Panamic Porkfish, Anisotremus taeniatus
Pigfish, Orthopristis chrysoptera
Porkfish, Anisotremus virginicus
Raucous Grunt, Haemulopsis leuciscus
Sand Grunt, Pomadasys branickii
Sailors Choice, Haemulon parra
Salema, Haemulon californiensis
Sargo, Anisotremus davidsonii
Shining Grunt, Haemulopsis nitidus
Silvergray Grunt, Anisotremus caesius
Smallmouth Grunt, Haemulon chrysagyreum
Spottail Grunt, Haemulon maculicauda
Tomtate, Haemulon aurolineatum
Wavyline Grunt, Microlepidotus inornatus
White Grunt, Haemulon plumierii
Yellowstripe Grunt, Haemulopsis axillaris